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4, 5, 6 or 8 cylinder engine cars are present in most modern cars. There are exceptions.For example the 10 cylinder engine of the Dodge Viper or the 12 cylinder engine in a lot of luxury high-end cars. But most cars have the most common cylinder count.
The combustion process takes place inside each cylinder. Inside each cylinder there is a piston moving up and down (or side by side as we will see). Ever cylinder is moved by the energy liberated during the combustion of a mix of gasoline and air. That energy is transferred to the transmission which transmits it to the driving wheels. In general way, the more cylinders a engine has the more horse power (unity of energy) the car has. With that comes also a higher gas consuming mark.
The cylinders of an engine are typically placed in vertical position. Aligned one after the other from the front to the back of the engine. Another case is a V orientation with same number of cylinders in each side. When the cylinders are oriented vertically, we say it has a “in line” configuration. This is the most common orientation for engines with 4, 5 or 6 cylinders. When the cylinders of an engine are oriented in V, the engine has a “V” configuration, used in cars with more than 6 cylinders. When the engine has a transversal position which is common for front-wheel drive cars, the cylinders and the crankshaft are oriented side by side instead of facing each other.
The in line engines are taller and narrower. When they are placed in the car transversally, they allow designers to create vehicle with smaller front ends. The V engines are usually lower with a more appropriated gravity center. This engine configuration allows more space efficiency, even with more cylinders.